Rough Diamond Diamonds

Rough Diamond Diamonds

The Clean Diamond Trade Act, as the bill in question is called, concerns rough diamonds being sold in African nations such as Sierra Leone, Angola, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This traffic in gems has unforeseen consequences lying beneath the surface of the rough diamonds. According to the act:

“Funds derived from the sale of rough diamonds are being used by rebels and state actors to finance military activities, overthrow legitimate governments, subvert international efforts to promote peace and stability, and commit horrifying atrocities against unarmed civilians… against trade in conflict diamonds. (6) Without effective action to eliminate trade in conflict diamonds, the trade in legitimate diamonds faces the threat of a consumer backlash that could damage the economies of countries not involved in the trade in conflict diamonds and penalize members of the legitimate trade and the people they employ. To prevent that, South Africa and more than 30 other countries are involved in working, through the ”Kimberley Process”, toward devising a solution to this problem. As the consumer of a majority of the world’s supply of diamonds, the United States has an obligation to help sever the link between diamonds and conflict and press for implementation of an effective solution”

Sponsored by Representative Houghton from New York, This bill was passed in April or 2003. There are many regulations and oversight in the rough diamond trade to ensure that the sale and certification of gems coming from wholesalers and distributors are bona fide. What appears next is a parse of this bill and the conditions that pertain to it in systems theory:

Intrasocietal Environment: Sierra Leone, Angola, The Congo…rebels, politicians, refugees etal.

Extrasocietal Environment: Trade partners of various African nations, United Nations Security Council, Human rights and humanitarian advocates, the diamond trade as represented by the World Diamond Council, and the United States Government.

Disturbances: Rebel Militia actions against governments, refugee activity, slave laborers, United Nations reports, Advocate group intervention, moral fortitude of consumers, public knowledge, media coverage.

Inputs: House of Representative members Houghton, Rangel, Smith and Thomas, United Nations Security council reports, public awareness of the conflict diamond trade woes, World Diamond Council, advocacy groups, international preference against supporting rebels/militias/slave labor.

Demands: stop support of illegitimate forces in free nations, protecting refugees/general masses from inhumane treatment, protect the legal trade in rough diamonds, verify the source of diamonds.

Supports: UN Security Council, US House of Representatives, Senate, President Bush, U.S. Bureau of Customs and Border Protection, Kimberley Process, South Africa

Outputs: PUBLIC LAW 108-19-APR. 25, 2003, Clean Diamond Trade Act, international cooperation in an embargo of non-certified rough diamonds, UN pressure to stop the trade of conflict diamonds, “the United States implemented sanctions restricting the importation of rough diamonds from Sierra Leone to those diamonds accompanied by specified certificates of origin and fully prohibiting the importation of rough diamonds from Liberia.

Rough Diamond Diamonds
Rough Diamond Diamonds
Rough Diamond Diamonds

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